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Roofers West Chester PA are licensed and insured to protect themselves and homeowners from costly mistakes. Homeowners who try to repair large areas of damage may void their roof warranty.
Roofers typically charge by the square, which is a 10-foot-by-10-foot roof area. The price goes up if the roof has multiple levels and features.
Your roof protects you from the elements, but even a small damaged shingle weakens this defense and opens up your home to moisture infiltration. A simple shingle repair can prevent major storm damage and costly roof replacement, but you have to act fast—as soon as you spot the damage.
Fortunately, most damage to shingles isn’t hard to see, although some issues may require a close inspection to detect. For example, heat and UV rays can cause shingles to develop blisters, which appear as bubbled areas on the shingle. If left untreated, these blisters can rupture and allow water to leak through your roof.
Shingles can also deform, causing them to lose their structural integrity. This can be due to a number of factors, including foot traffic or misnailing during installation. In other cases, it might be due to aging or weather conditions. Fortunately, a roofer can fix deformed shingles and return them to their original condition.
Aside from missing shingles, one of the most common problems to watch out for is damaged shingles that have a curled edge or cracked surface. In some cases, a small crack or hole will be visible beneath the shingle, but in other cases the shingle will look like it has been crushed from the wind.
Often, the first step in repairing these issues is to loosen the nails that hold the damaged shingle in place. If you have the right tools, you can replace these shingles yourself. You’ll need a hammer, a flat pry bar and a utility knife, as well as a handful of new shingles.
Begin by sliding the pry bar under the shingle immediately above the damaged one and gently lifting it to break the sealer strip connection and expose the first row of nails. Gently lift the shingle until it is free, then remove all of the nails (it may take 30 minutes or more to remove just one shingle).
Now that the old shingle has been removed, slide a new shingle into its place, starting at the top of the damaged area and working your way down. Be sure to line up the new shingle with its neighbors, making sure it overlaps properly. If you’re not comfortable working on your roof, it might be best to leave this type of roofing job to the pros.
Flashing is a sheet of metal that runs along the intersections of your roof and walls. It prevents rain and snow from leaking into those areas. It also blocks cracks and crevices so water can’t penetrate them. Flashing is important, especially in regions with a lot of rain and snow. Without it, your roof would leak into your attic space and the walls of your home.
Even if your roof was installed correctly by a professional, you can have flashing issues if inclement weather or storms damage it. For example, powerful winds can pull flashing away from the roof. Or, a chimney that’s not properly sealed can leak into the house.
Normal wear and tear can cause flashing problems, too. For instance, EPDM rubber can get brittle over time and break down. That’s why it’s a good idea to have your roof inspected every year, or more frequently, depending on the age of your home and your climate.
Other causes of flashing problems include a faulty installation, dramatic temperature changes, and a settling foundation. When a flashing isn’t securely attached to the shingles, or it’s warped from drastic temperature changes, it can’t direct water where it needs to go during a rainstorm.
Flashing repairs usually involve replacing the rusty or damaged section with new metal. It may also involve removing and replacing the shingle that the flashing is attached to. A roofer will typically replace the shingle underneath it, as well, to prevent further water intrusion.
One foolproof way to identify a flashing leak is to have someone climb a ladder and use a garden hose to gently soak the roof in the area where you think a leak is occurring. If the person inside your attic can see evidence of water infiltration when the hose is running, then you need to have the flashing repaired. If you try this, be sure to take extreme caution on a ladder and never go up there alone. Make sure you have a spotter to watch for falling debris and help you out if needed.
A deck is a great place for relaxing, having backyard barbecues and gathering with friends and family. But if it’s damaged, it can quickly turn from an enjoyable feature to a dangerous accident waiting to happen. Luckily, many types of deck damage can be repaired with some effort and money.
Wood rot is one of the most common deck problems. It’s easy to spot, as boards become textbook spongy when poked with a screwdriver or other hard object. Wood rot can be repaired with a little work and some wood filler, according to Everyday Home Repair. It’s a good idea to use a wood filler that includes fungicide, as this will help prevent future rot and mold.
Another common deck problem is loose railings. Loose railings are not only a safety hazard, but they can also easily fall off during a storm. Loose railings are especially problematic along steps and stairs, as they can cause someone to trip or lose their balance. This type of damage is usually easy to fix, and it’s a good idea to do so sooner rather than later.
Decks can also be damaged by sun and wind, which cause warping, buckling, splitting and cracking. Check your deck for these issues on a regular basis, and make any necessary repairs before the damage worsens.
If a board is significantly rotten, damaged or soft, it’s likely time to replace it with new lumber. Look for other signs of serious structural damage, including rusty hardware, severe shifting or movement in the framing or joists, and sinking footers. If the damage is widespread, it may be best to demolish the entire deck and rebuild it with new materials.
Keeping your deck clean and staining it regularly can help keep it looking and functioning well. If you notice surface mold, fungus, or other discoloration, remove the affected area and sand it down before staining. Be sure to use a high-quality stain that contains a fungicide, and follow the manufacturer’s instructions on application. A quality stain will help protect your deck from the elements and extend its life, so don’t skip this important step!
Roof underlayment is a vital component of your home that provides an extra layer of protection in the event of damage to the deck or shingles. It’s not indestructible, however, and it’s important to keep an eye out for signs of underlayment damage to ensure the continued strength and safety of your roof.
One clear sign that your underlayment is damaged is if you notice water stains on your ceilings and walls during or after rainstorms. These stains are caused by water infiltrating your home through the underlayment and can lead to mold and mildew growth. They can also cause damage to your insulation and other structural components.
Another common sign of underlayment damage is if you notice damp or musty odors in your home. These odors are caused by the microorganisms that thrive in moist environments, such as mold and mildew. They can also indicate a leak in the roof, which should be fixed immediately to avoid further damage.
Lastly, a sudden increase in your energy bills could be an indication that your underlayment is in need of replacement. When underlayment is damaged, it allows air to escape the home, which can raise heating and cooling costs. A roofing contractor can inspect the underlayment and determine if it needs to be replaced.
Whether your underlayment is made from felt paper, ice shields, it’s important to have regular roof maintenance so that roofing professionals can inspect the condition of your underlayment and replace it if necessary. Certain materials, such as felt, are more susceptible to UV exposure, which can cause it to break down and deteriorate. , on the other hand, is designed to be resistant to extreme temperatures and can protect your roof from UV damage.
RoofX features a layer of soil and vegetation on an impervious surface. They’re a great way to reduce energy costs and extend the life of your roof.
They can be ‘extensive,’ featuring only a thin growing medium, or ‘intensive’ with more than 200mm of soil and vegetation up to the size of trees.
Green roofs can significantly reduce carbon dioxide emissions from buildings. They do so by absorbing greenhouse gases through their vegetation and storing them in the roots, stems, leaves, and other parts of the plants. They also lower energy consumption because the plant cover provides a thermal barrier between the building and the outside air.
Green rooftops absorb and slow stormwater runoff, which prevents excess water from flooding sewage systems. This reduces sewage treatment costs and makes for cleaner rivers, lakes, and streams. Furthermore, they provide habitat for animals, which can be especially important in cities where fewer natural spaces exist.
A green roof can take the form of a meadow, garden, or other landscape, depending on the design preferences of the building owner. They can include grass, shrubs, and even trees. They typically use high quality waterproofing, a root repellent system, drainage system, filter cloth, lightweight growing medium, and plants.
As the urbanization of cities continues, there is less and less available land for green space. In addition to adding aesthetics, a green roof can be used as a recreational area for the public. The University of Denver incorporated one on its Community Commons building, which features native species and offers residents an opportunity to relax and enjoy the outdoors.
A study assessing the effects of different plants on green roofs found that Sedum acre, Frankenia thymifolia, and Vinca major had the best potential to reduce a building’s energy demand and carbon emissions. Using Design Builder software, the researchers calculated that a roof covering all of these plants could save about 8.5% of a typical building’s annual energy consumption.
However, the authors pointed out that a green roof’s ability to reduce carbon emissions only lasts for a year or two before the emitted carbon from the breakdown of soil and plant material balances out the reduced energy consumption. They also added that the embodied carbon of the construction materials used must be taken into account, as well as the energy required to grow and transport the plants.
They calculated that for extensive roofs, it would take between 50 and 61 years to recoup the monetary investment in green roofing through energy savings.
In cities, where many buildings are built close together in a compact space, the high density of heat-absorbing materials and concrete leads to them being hotter than surrounding areas. This has become known as the Urban Heat Island effect and is a significant contributor to the city’s climate change impacts. By incorporating vegetation and providing a cooling surface, green roofs help to mitigate this effect.
The plants on a green roof absorb sunlight, reflect it back and absorb some of the sun’s heat reducing the overall temperature of the building. As a result, they also reduce the need to air-condition the interior and so save energy.
A range of different planting options are available depending on the design and purpose of the green roof, but they generally involve a combination of sedum blankets, a layer of lightweight growing medium and plants. The plants can be manicured and elegant, such as in the case of a rooftop garden at a hospital, or they can be left wild and free, like an outdoor room in a park.
By filtering rainwater before it is discharged, green roofs can help to reduce water runoff and prevent flooding in local communities. They can also help to reduce the amount of wastewater entering sewer systems, which will lead to less pressure being placed on drains and overflows.
In addition, green roofs act as a habitat for wildlife and nature, encouraging biodiversity in urban areas where there are few places for plant and animal species to thrive.
In one study, researchers investigated the effects of a green roof on its users, by looking at the link between frequency and duration of use, and various social impact measures. This research showed that people who used the green roof regularly, or visited for 30 minutes or longer, reported significantly greater levels of social wellbeing, attachment to place and mood state than those who did not visit the green roof as often. The findings of the study were supported by a range of statistical analyses.
Green roofs can add a whole new element to any building and can be a fantastic design feature to an otherwise barren part of the landscape. The presence of natural elements on a roof brings colour, variation and stimulation to an otherwise featureless space that can become a place where people gather and relax. Studies have shown that people have a natural affinity with nature and the presence of trees, plants, grasslands and water bodies can reduce stress levels and promote positive wellbeing.
Many urbanized areas have very little accessible or visible green space. This lack of opportunity to experience nature’s involuntary stress-relieving power can place individuals at risk of poor productivity and anti-social behaviour. By providing an environment in which birds, insects and other wildlife can thrive and find shelter and food, green roofs help to introduce the ‘natural’ to an urban landscape that has largely been reclaimed by buildings.
Increasingly, green roofs are being used to create recreational space for the public, particularly in cities that do not have parks. Often these spaces are designed to facilitate the use of recreation facilities such as swimming pools, tennis courts and playgrounds. They also provide a venue for community groups to engage in active recreation such as vegetable growing and gardening.
For smaller, lower-sloped sites, the extensive green roof option is often the best choice. These can be suitable for garages, garden offices, sheds and extensions, as well as more sedentary uses such as seating or viewing.
These types of green roof are typically suited to a variety of plant species, but the selection should be based on site suitability and the type of activity that is planned. The vegetative components of a green roof need adequate drainage and water management, and the system will require regular inspections.
Some green roofs are seeded to increase their biodiversity potential, and this is particularly common in locations where the prevailing climate is not suitable for more demanding vegetation such as trees. This practice is controversial and has been criticized by purists, but it does offer a way to bring the benefits of the urban green space to more places in the city where such opportunities would not usually be available.
Green roofs are a great stress reliever for building occupants. The soothing environment helps to calm the senses and can be a great place for meditation. Additionally, the plants and soil on a green roof provide a variety of nutrients and can help to lower blood pressure, all of which contributes to reduced stress levels.
Having a green roof on your building can also reduce the noise pollution created by cars, trains and planes. The acoustic properties of the soil and vegetation in the growing medium are very effective at dampening sound waves. Studies have shown that 5 inches of growing media can reduce noise by up to 40 decibels.
Since green roofs are a combination of living and structural elements, they add a significant amount of weight to the structure below. Therefore, they require additional support to ensure their long-term stability. This is particularly important in a seismic zone where the added weight can increase the chances of damage caused by an earthquake. To mitigate this risk, it is crucial that a professional evaluates whether the existing roofing can adequately support an extensive or intensive green roof.
The plant life on a green roof absorbs the sun’s heat, which helps to keep the space cool. This natural cooling process, known as evapotranspiration, reduces the urban heat island effect that causes cities to become sweltering hotter than surrounding rural areas.
As a result, green rooftops can be used as an alternative to air conditioning and may be able to save energy costs in the long-term. Furthermore, green roofs are a great alternative to traditional landscaping for commercial buildings, offering a unique opportunity to create an attractive and engaging public space while helping the environment.
Moreover, green roofs are a unique habitat for wildlife in urban environments where nature is often pushed to the periphery. This can allow birds, insects, and other animals to find shelter and food in areas where it would otherwise be difficult.
As people spend more and more time indoors, the need for access to outdoor spaces that are rich in natural scenery becomes increasingly important. This can help to improve mental and physiological health, which in turn leads to increased productivity and a happier work environment.
Orange County Roofing Inc protects a home against rain, snow, sunlight, extreme temperatures, and wind. Choosing the best roof for your house depends on aesthetics, budget, and how long you want to keep your home.
Sheet metal is a ubiquitous construction material, and its manufacturing process is fairly simple. It involves melting the chosen metal, pouring it into a mold, and pickling, rolling, and annealing it.
The roof of a building protects against rain, snow, sunlight, and temperature extremes. Its structure may take on various forms depending upon practical and aesthetic considerations, and the underlying frame for the roof build-up may be made from timber or other materials. Multiple construction systems can be added to the top of the roof frame, including trusses, space frames, barrel vaults, and braced domes.
The main component of a roof’s framing is the rafters or trusses. These are usually cut on-site from lumber such as 2x10s or pre-fabricated in a factory and craned into place.
Rafters are a group of sloped structural beams that extend from wall beams on both sides and meet at the ridge board. These are the primary load-bearing elements of a roof, and their failure could cause the rest of the frame to collapse. As its name suggests, a ridge board sits on top of the rafters and creates the ridge line of a roof.
Various rafter types are used to support the roof, and these include the truss, which is commonly used in residential construction because of its ability to achieve long spans; the raised heel truss, which consists of slopes on all four sides that rise to meet at the center; and the open scissor truss, which produces magazine-worthy vaulted ceilings.
Another element of a roof’s framing is the joists or girders, which run from the bottom of each rafter to the wall on either side—these help distribute the roof’s weight and provide support for walls, gutters, and venting.
The joists or rafters are joined by purlins, which run horizontally under the rafters and connect them to wall beams. The roof sheathing, which encloses the entire roof frame, may be made from plywood or OSB, although older houses often have tongue and groove or narrow 1-by-skip sheathing boards of sawn lumber.
Roof sheathing serves several functions, including providing a nail bed for roofing materials to insulate the roof and prevent moisture penetration. Roof sheathing is normally installed before the roof shingles are put in.
Shingles are the roof’s outer layer that protects against rain, snow, sunlight, wind, and other weather conditions. They’re designed to be durable and offer long-lasting protection when placed in an overlapping pattern that helps keep water from seeping into the home. They can be made of various materials, but asphalt shingles are the most common and a good choice for many homeowners.
They come in two varieties: traditional or three-tab shingles and architectural shingles. The former are thinner and cut to look like bricks for a more uniform appearance on your roof, while the latter are thicker and have a more natural texture that can add to your house’s curb appeal. Architectural shingles also last longer than three-tab shingles and may increase your home’s value when it comes time to sell.
Roofing professionals can also install shingles in various patterns and colors to complement different types of homes. Even shingle products are available that reflect light or emit heat to help reduce cooling costs, such as IKO’s solar reflective and thermal emissive shingles.
Another important consideration when selecting shingles is the manufacturer’s warranty. The length of a warranty can vary from 20 years to a lifetime. While most shingle manufacturers have a standard warranty, it’s best to talk with your roofing contractor to learn more about the specific coverage.
While a new roof is a major investment, it will protect your home for decades. Regular inspections and maintenance can extend the life of your shingles. Look for signs that your shingles are beginning to wear out, such as curling edges and losing their mineral surface.
Leaks often occur along the eaves, where the shingles meet the edge of the wall. Several factors, including improper installation, damaged shingles, improper decking, or deficient attic ventilation, can cause them. If left unchecked, leaks can damage the interior of your home and lead to wood rot, mold growth, pest infestation, and other problems. If you suspect a leak, contact your roofing professional for a thorough roof evaluation.
While shingles are the most familiar component of your roof, there are two more crucial elements to understand: underlayment and flashing. Both play critical roles in preventing water leakage and providing a protective foundation for your shingles.
Underlayment is a fabric-like barrier, traditionally made of asphalt-saturated felt but now often available as a synthetic material. It’s applied directly to the decking and serves several functions: it protects the underlying sheathing from any resin the decking may release, provides a nailbed for the shingles, and offers some fire resistance. In addition, it prevents what is known as ” picture framing,” the slight movement of the wood panels that make up the decking that creates bumps and disturbs the flat surface needed for proper water resistance.
Roofers will also install a waterproofing membrane over the underlayment, creating a second layer that helps prevent moisture infiltration. This is especially important around the chimney, dormers, and any other nooks and crannies of your roof that could allow water to seep in.
Flashing is installed along the edges of your roof to prevent water infiltration. This consists of strips of weather-resistant material installed in key areas, such as valleys and the top of any dormers. This reroutes any water under the shingles and protects against potential damage from ice dams or heavy rain.
Many different types of underlayment are available, including Oriented Strand Board (OSB), plywood, and even foam and cork. OSB and plywood are thicker sheets of engineered wood, usually 19/32- to 1 1/8-inch thick, that are part of the floor system of your home. They’re commonly used in place of traditional lumber and provide the structure and rigidity of your home.
Foam and cork underlayments don’t adhere to the subfloor and “float” on the surface. They offer a slight buffer between the subfloor and floor covering and smooth out imperfections, such as barely protruding screw heads or knot holes. They also add a layer of softness to the flooring and help mitigate sound.
Another type of underlayment is rubber, which is highly recommended for floors. It’s easy to install, has an outstanding sound suppression rating, and can be made from recycled materials. It’s a great choice for any flooring and works well as a thermal barrier between the floor and your home’s foundation, helping to reduce energy costs.
Flashing is a thin strip of impervious material that helps waterproof joints and protrusions in roofing materials. It can be made from various metals, including copper and aluminum. It is usually fabricated by a large clamping jaw tool called a brake, which feeds sheet metal from a coil and bends it to a shape to fit around the roof protrusion or joint. Flashing is often installed with shingle or metal roof underlayment and roofing materials to ensure a leak-free seal.
Different types of flashing depend on where they are installed and the type of roof they cover. Most are made of metal but can also be made of other durable materials such as lead or plastics. Roof flashing is installed in areas prone to leaks, such as roof valleys, where two downward slopes meet, and roof penetrations like chimneys, vent pipes, and skylights. It also protects walls and windows intersecting with the roof and any projections on a building’s exterior.
Wall flashing is typically installed along the sides of walls, where they meet a roof or another wall or at window and door openings in a wall. It is designed to prevent water leaks that can cause damage, such as rot, mildew, and pest infestation. It is sometimes installed on a shingled roof, but it can also be used on other types of roofs.
Most roof flashing is fabricated from either galvanized steel or aluminum, and it’s bent to a specific size and shape to cover the joint. It is installed between the underlayment and the shingles on a shingled roof or top of the panels of a metal roof. It is then sealed with a caulking compound or roofing membrane to create a waterproof barrier.
There are a few roof flashing types, but step flashing is the most common. This is a series of metal flashing pieces installed in steps along a roof penetration, such as a chimney, overlapping each other to create a watertight seal. A counterflashing piece is installed on the opposite side of the penetration to provide extra protection and support.